Energy, Frequency and Vibration


The late great Nikola Tesla—the Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, and mechanical engineer who is best known for discovering alternating electric current–which turned the darkness of night into the light of day–said:

“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.”
― Nikola Tesla

The secrets Tesla was referring to are the properties of energy and how it behaves.

To understand energy and its associated behavior it is first necessary to understand the meaning of the term’s vibration, frequency and resonance.

Physicist tells us that at the atomic and sub-atomic level everything is in motion and wherever there is motion there is vibration. In other words, everything in the universe is in a constant state of vibration.

Vibration is typically described as a periodic or cyclic motion between two extremes around a mid-point. What this implies is that all motion is circular which is not totally accurate because there are no perfectly round circles in nature–only ellipses of varying eccentricities.

The important difference between a circle and an ellipse is that the semi-major and semi-minor axes of an ellipse have different lengths based on the ellipse’s eccentricity. This causes the rotating ellipse to generate two opposing force fields or waves of differing wavelengths (see below). The variance in length of the two waves define their synodic period (the number of rotations necessary to evenly distribute the variance and return to a state of equilibrium) which is the substance from which apsidal or orbital precession is based..

Rotation generated sinewaves

Blue (semi-major) – Green (semi-minor) – Red (mean)

The above simulation shows how the shorter (semi-minor) axis generates a smaller circle rotating closer to its center at a higher velocity. When the faster wave begins to overtake the slower wave it causes the distance between the two waves to contract. Once the faster wave passes the slower wave, the distance between the two waves begins to expand. This expansion and contraction of distances cause their mean vibrational frequency to oscillate.

Frequency simply refers to the number of 360-degree oscillations or cycles that are repeated during one-second (see below).

When circular motion is presented in the form of a wave it looks like the chart below. As you can see, the oscillation’s wavelength has been divided into the same 360-degrees of a circle. But, the oscillation’s motion moves through a series of changes between two extremes (90-270), passing through a mid-point (180). The + /- symbols on the left show the wave’s strength or amplitude, which are opposite polarities.

Everything that vibrates resonates at a frequency based on the configuration of energy that holds the matter together. A tuning fork is a good example of the precise configuration of matter to achieve a specific sound. A wind chime is also an example of the same material, at different lengths, each having its own unique fundamental frequency and sound. Orbiting planets also have their own unique fundamental frequencies.

Harmonics are simply multiples of a fundamental frequency. The examples below show the wave patterns of progressively higher harmonic frequencies.

The frequencies above actually represent the synodic mean of the two opposing wave structures generated by the rotation of an ellipse (see below).

Universal Curvature

Newton’s 3rd. Law of Motion says: ” To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction”. He was clearly speaking of the same two opposed conditions that exist throughout the universe–gravitation and radiation. Radiation is generally referred to as magnetism. His theorem of revolving orbits was his first attempt to explain the concept of apsidal precession associated with the phenomenon.

Both gravitation and radiation have their own systems of curvature and each is opposed to the other for their purposes are directly opposed.

The curvature of gravitation, for example, is centripetal and is controlled by the north-south magnetic poles. Its purpose is to extend bodies in motion from their wave axes to their wave amplitudes. The curvature of radiation, on the other hand, is centrifugal and controlled by the east-west equatorial axes.

Between those two opposing forces or waves is a plane of zero curvature which bounds the wave fields and insulates the effect of one wave from the other based on the principle of opposing polarities (below).

Gravitation and radiation (magnetic) fields are generated as apsidal precession gradually rotates the line joining the apsides of an ellipse (the points of closest and farthest approach from its center of rotation).

The variance in the physical distance of aphelion and perihelion defines the cycle’s precession period; i.e. (the number of rotations necessary to evenly distribute that variance and bring the two waveforms back to their point of equilibrium).

In the following set of examples, the ellipse shape defined as Kepler (A) marks the point of equilibrium. As the orbit progresses Kepler (A) opens into two ellipses as shown in Kepler (B). As the orbiting continues the line of apsides shrinks–forming a cavity that resembles the shape of a Vesica-Pisces–as shown in Kepler (C). Naturally, the lines presented in these examples are invisible fields of force similar to the atmospheric bubble surrounding Earth. We can’t see it, but we know it’s there.

Orbital precession works like the winding of a clock; the spring is wound centripetally (transferring energy potential to the spring). Then, the process reverses and centrifugal motion turns the potential energy into kinetic energy as the spring unwinds. The number of times that a clock winds and unwinds is governed synodically.

Apsidal or orbital precession

Apsidal precession is a familiar term to astronomers. But, because of the relatively small eccentricities in planetary orbits not much attention is paid to its underlying motion. Newton’s theorem of revolving orbits was his first attempt to understand apsidal precession quantitatively. Unfortunately, his theory received little attention from astronomers and was eventually replaced with perturbation theory which, today, is basically ignored.

What is truly astounding is that no attention whatsoever is paid to the electrical aspects of apsidal motion and its alternating centripetal and centrifugal forces.

Unfortunately, electricity was discovered long after Copernicus and Newton had passed on and, consequently, it had no roll to play in the formation of the revolutionary theories that would later become the laws that govern modern cosmology.

Physicist, however, understand that Atomic particles, in free form; i.e. (not bound into an atom) carry an electric charge and, when those charged particles are put into motion, an electric current flow produces a force field around itself as it flows (the so-called double layer). Those force fields manifest themselves in sine-waves with sympathetic vibrations taking place within their apsidal cavities (see regions A & B below).

Trapped charge is contained in apsidal cavities by the polarity differential of the two opposing fields. In the following example, free charge is trapped between line-1 and base-0 ( the line of apsides which has zero curvature). And because like charges repel, all movements towards line-1 are repelled back towards base-0, which are then repelled back towards line-1 and so on and so on. The resulting vibrational frequencies shown as green lines are based on the fluctuating distance between line-1 and base-0 and its opposite, line-2 and base-0.

As the cycle progresses the charge; i.e. (green vertical lines) is compressed into a smaller and smaller area as the distance between Line-1 and base-0 closes. That results in faster and faster vibrations at higher and higher frequencies. When line-1 and its polar opposite converge with base-0, both regions disappear and, then, reappear as regions of the opposite polarity.

Where do the trapped charges go?

The faster and faster vibrations during the convergence phase leads to a, theoretically, infinite rise in frequencies. The actual convergence is the “Omega Point” of greatest energetic intensity–where mathematical singularities are thought to form in energy fields—releasing a sudden burst of current across the point of convergence and allowing the trapped charge to flow to the other side.

During the convergence and divergence process the sum of kinetic and potential energy always remains the same. Low potential accumulates into high potential by generating high amperage of low voltage pressure into low amperage of high voltage pressure. This is all that Nature does to perform work, whether to create a storm or a solar system.

This so-called “apsidal precession” exists at every scale. Planets, suns, solar systems, electrons, protons and atomic systems are the familiar results of this force which gathers energy into smaller volumes of dense masses. “All that is required is an ellipse in motion“.

The next post in this series is “The Solar System & How It Works”.

Younger-Dryas Period–Mystery Solved?


Starting in about 13,000 (BCE) the Earth experienced three major climatic catastrophes–one after another; i.e. (Bölling-Allerød, Younger-Dryas and Pre-boreal warming periods). They are described here as catastrophic because that 1-2-3 punch is said to have annihilated a significant percentage of life on Earth.

Click on image to enlarge
  • The Bölling-Allerød interstadial was a sudden, intense, climatic warming (~12° C; ~21° F) period which caused dramatic melting of large Ice Age ice sheets that covered Canada and the northern U.S., all of Scandinavia, and much of northern Europe and Russia. Sea level that had been 120 m (~400 ft) lower than present rose quickly and submerged large areas that had been dry land during the Ice Age. This warming occurred abruptly in only a few years (Steffensen et al., 2008). This warm period ran from c. 12,800 to c. 10,900 (BCE). It ended abruptly with the onset of the Younger Dryas.
  • The Younger-Dryas was a cold period that reduced temperatures back to near-glacial levels within a decade. It began about 10,900 (BCE) when global temperatures plunged sharply (~8°C; ~14° F), sparking a 1200-year period of glacial re-advance. Its end came abruptly with the onset of Pre-boreal warming about 9,700 (BCE).
  • Pre-boreal warming began about 9,700 (BCE) when, almost overnight, global temperatures rose parabolically (~12° C; ~21° F), marking the end of the Younger Dryas cold period and the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age. The peak rise in temperatures was reached about 9,500 (BCE) 

There has been an abundance of speculation as to the cause of these events (even a book or two) but no one has offered an explanation that ties all three events together. This article argues that all three events may have a physical cause and, if so, their timing may be predictable. The supposition is presented in a logical, well laid-out, manner and is supplemented with ample charts and diagrams. The analysis begins by identifying the underlying motion that is believed to cause the precession of the equinoxes and then introduces a series of harmonic structures that may provide an answer for the abrupt shifts in temperatures occurring between 13,000- and 9,500 BCE (video).

The precession of the equinoxes is the observable phenomena of the rotation of the heavens around the Earth–a cycle that is said to span a period of (approximately) 25,920 years (Platonic year).

The cause of the precession of the equinoxes remains a hotly debated topic. At the heart of the debate is the source of the underlying motion that cause the equinoxes to precess. I believe that motion is a cycle of 80-years and that apsidal precession is the phenomena that produces the 25,920-year precession cycle.

Apsidal or orbital precession is the gradual rotation of the line joining the apsides of an elliptic orbit which are the points of its closest and farthest approach. For the 80-year cycle, the closest point to its center of rotation is “A” (79.753846153-years). The farthest point is “B” (80.24767802-years). Therefore, a mean orbital period of 80-years.

Apsidal Motion


Apsidal motion is like the winding of a clock; the spring is wound by synodic interaction of its two components. Therefore, the spring winds 162.5 turns in one direction (high-potential) and then, unwinds for another 161.5 turns in the other direction (low-potential). The combined synodic motion of 324 turns or orbits is the foot print of the Platonic-year; i.e. (25,920-years), a period commonly associated with precession.

Ancient Mayan Creation Cycles–The Connection

The ancient Maya called themselves the children of the Sun with the Moon being the mother and the Sun the father. They are widely acknowledged as gifted astronomers and were without equal when it came to calendar making. But, rather than using just one calendar, as we do today, the Maya used several calendars—simultaneously—which were all magically integrated into one grand timekeeping system.


Ancient Mayan Integrated Timekeeping System

Their timekeeping system was mechanical in nature and consisted of four intermeshing gears (like what you would find in a pocket watch) and, as the primary calendar is advanced by one day, the others updated themselves proportionately. They were not so much interested in time–their primary focus was timing.

For each of the calendars they built a mathematical model in the form of a stone pyramid which was impervious to the passing of time and able to withstand the cataclysmic forces of nature… the only way of insuring the long-term survival of their sacred technologies.

Mayan cycles are all harmonic derivative’s of the Pleiades cycle which consists of 26,000-tuns (360-day years). Interestingly, the 26,000-tun cycle is also the approximate period of the precession of the equinoxes. Therefore, from the Pleiadean perspective, the Sun would appear to make one full revolution around Alcyone (the central star of the Pleiades group) every 26,000-tuns or 9,360,000-days.

The following illustration shows the two primary intervals of time that makeup the Pleiades cycle. 1. 26,000 /4 = 6,500 Mayan years and 2. 26,000 /5 = 5,200 Mayan years or the 4th and 5th harmonics. The 6,500 year periods define the galactic alignment. The 5,200 year periods are said to be cycles of creation. Naturally, creation implies an ending.


On close inspection of the 26,000 year cycle you’ll see that the cycle oscillates back and forth between 26,000 and 25,840 years with a mean of 25,920 Mayan years (below).


Therefore, the simulation values used in our mathematical model are 6,480 and 5,184 instead of 6,500 and 5,200. Before a simulation of the interactions between the two cycles can be run, however, a start date or end date for the cycles is required. And, there’s only one date that Mayan scholars generally agree on and that is -3112 or -3113 BCE. So, the date chosen for the model was -3/21/3112 BCE. By simply adding 5,184 the calculated end date is 2,072 AD.

The chart below shows the simulated interactions of vibrational frequency  patterns created by the two cycles over a period of 16,000-years–ending in 2072 AD. For context, the results of the calculations are overlaid with Ice-Core temperature data for the same period of time. The apparent correlations between the two cycles and abrupt changes in temperature, such as occurred during the Bölling-Allerød, Younger-Dryas and Pre-boreal periods are striking.

Click on picture to enlarge

As you can see in the close-up below, the chart leaves little room for doubt that the two cycles are somehow linked to abrupt climate shifts (red dotted lines).


Click on image to enlarge

Apparent Correlations

Temperature turning-points appear to correlate with wave amplitudes of +100% or -100% or 0% and, when the waves cross each other’s path. The data has not been manipulated in any way. The cycle components are simply responding to a common ending date of 2072 AD. The sinewave calculations simply work backwards from that point.

How did they know?


Solving the mystery of the ancient 360-day calendar


It appears that ancient 360-day calendars may have been used globally until about the eighth century BCE., a leading internet source, has cataloged eleven different cultures that may have used them at one time. This article is an investigation into the possible source and purpose of such a calendar.

The literature indicates that 360-day calendars were used for at least two-thousand years and, in most cases, were probably an integral part of 365-day calendar systems–using intercalary periods. The question is how did all eleven of these cultures come with the same basic calendar of 360-days with twelve 30-day months which they could modify to efficiently track the seasons.

If the objective was just about tracking season, a 364-day calendar would have been much easier to live with (13-months of 28-days with each month having exactly four 7-day weeks). Add a holiday at the end of the year and you’re done. And, if your birthday, for example, was Tuesday, the 2-day of March, it would fall on Tuesday, the 2-day of March every year thereafter.

It seems unlikely that the original 360-day calendar had anything to do with tracking seasons as it would become out of sync by a full month in just 5-years and would have, almost certainly, been discarded. But, they were not discarded which would suggest that they served another purpose.

Then, there’s still the puzzling question of how the 360-day calendars were propagated. Physical barriers such as mountains, deserts and oceans that separate Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica and China would seem to preclude the merging of proprietary technologies. So, what happened?

The answer may be found in ancient Sumeria.

According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia the ancient Sumerians emerged as a culture around 5,000 BCE and lasted until about 1,750 BCE. Historically, what we call civilization, likely began in the ancient city of Eridu. As the oldest known civilization, it seemed reasonable to assume they were the first culture to embrace a 360-day calendar and so, they became the initial focus of this investigation.

The literature explained how their history and accomplishments had been lost in time–even their name. Their secrets remained buried in the deserts of Iraq until the 19th century AD, when French and British archaeologists finally stumbled upon Sumerian artifacts while hunting for evidence of the ancient Assyrians. Since then, archaeologists have recovered some 500,000 clay tablets, the majority of which are yet to be translated.


By 3,100 BC the Sumerians had already become a highly advanced and sophisticated civilization. They had a writing system (cuneiform script) and a library containing hundreds of thousands of historical documents. They also had a governmental structure and legal system and were building bridges, dams, aqueducts and irrigation systems. They are also said to have invented the wheel and plow. Mathematically, it appears that their skills were well beyond what historians had imagined. The evidence suggest that they could perform advance arithmetic calculations and may have been the initiators of the science that would later become known as astronomy. They are also said to have developed the Sexagesimal structure for measuring time–using sixty-second minutes and sixty-minute hours (like we use today) and created a measure of distance based of miles, feet and inches. It also appears that they may have mastered geometry and were able to calculate areas of rectangles, triangles and trapezoids and some believe that sophisticated geometrical calculations were being used to track the movement of planets.


Unraveling the puzzle

Over the next several years an original concept slowly began to evolve.

The Sumerians divided the 360-day year into 30 day months, the day into twelve 2-hour periods, and these periods into thirty 4-minute intervals. With 1440-minutes in a day, 4-minutes is equivalent to 1/360th of a day. That indicated that they not only divided the Earth’s orbit into intervals of 360, they also divided Earth’s rotation into intervals of 360.

Interestingly, 4-minutes X 360 = 1440-minutes (day) and 1440-minutes X 360-days = 518,400-minutes (year). When 518,400-minutes is multiplied again by 360 the result is 186,624,000 and, curiously, that number happens to be a match for a value listed in the Cannon of ancient numbers as the Earth’s orbital diameter (93,312,000-mile radius X 2). Being uneasy about the implications, I decided to let it set.

A couple of years later I was trying to make sense out of the Sexagesimal system and came up with an idea. I decided to deconstruct the 186,624,000 number that I had previously came up with by the Sexagesimal time structure of a day. First, I divided 186,624,000-miles by 360-days which resulted in 518,400-miles per-day. That figure was then divided by 24-hours which resulted in 21,600-miles per-hour. Next, 21,600-miles was divided by 60-minutes which resulted in 360-miles per-minute. Finally, the 360-miles per-minute was divided by 60-seconds which resulted in 6-miles per-second or 6-hertz (The very same as the frequency for the Earth that was insisted upon by Nicola Tesla).


To summarize what i’d learned up to that point;

  1. The cube of 360 X 4 equals 186,624,000-miles (theoretical diameter of Earth’s orbit).
  2. 186,624,000-miles is the product of a Sexagesimal year.

At this point and time, I was convinced that the Sumerians were the legitimate source of the 360-day calendar, but I was troubled by the size of discrepancy between 186,624,000-miles, the proposed diameter of Earth’s orbit, and the currently accepted value. So, once again I decided to let it set.

Several years later I came across a paper written by researcher Arnold D. Enge which got my attention. Mr. Enge had discovered that the ancient Mayan’s primary calculation for Earth’s orbit was 365.625 days rather than the 365.2422 days that is the commonly attributed. Their name for this period was “uinalhaab” or one-year. The “uinalhaab” turned out to be the missing piece of my puzzle.

It now appeared that ancient astronomers may have viewed the Earth and Moon as a system or binary pair. What follows are a couple of facts in support that supposition.

Sol-Lunar Year

A lunar-year of 354.375-days is consistent with the present-day Islamic calendar which has been in use since ancient times and the 365.625-day “uinalhaab” has now been verified by other qualified authorities. The mean of those two is precisely 360-days.


To verify the validity of the binary supposition I decided to utilize the time-distance formula that I had learned earlier (4-minutes X 360 X 360 = 518,400). But, instead of multiplying 518,400 by 360 as I had done earlier, I multiplied that figure instead by the number of days in the lunar year and the number of days in the uinalhaab.


The results as listed in the above table show that the closest approach to the Sun (semi-minor axis) is 91,854,000 miles and that the farthest approach (semi-major axis) is 94,770,000-miles. The sum of those two equal 186,624,000-miles (major axis). The preciseness of these calculations (using known values from independent sources) was enough to convince me that an Earth-Moon binary is a reasonable hypothesis.

Synodic implications

Apsidal motion of the binary pair produces twelve 30-day mini-cycles or months attributable to the Earth and thirteen 27.69230769-day mini-cycles or lunar months attributable to the Moon. The mean apsidal motion, however, is 28.8-days (see table).


The following diagram shows the outer perimeter of 365.625 days and the inner perimeter of 354.375 days with the mean solunar orbit of 360-days. The oscillating line illustrates the apsidal motion of 27.69230769 days.



How significant are these so-called mini-cycles or months? 

You be the judge.

  • 27.6923076923 X 260 = 7,200-days or 20 solunar years (Mayan Katun)
  • 30 X 360 = = 10,800-days or 30-solunar years (Saturn orbital period)

Both are significant periods and when the solunar values are converted to the 365.242 format, it’s obvious that the values reflect the Jupiter-Saturn synodic and the mean Saturn orbital period of 25.56943615 years.

Another important consideration is the synodic implication of the 354.375- and 365.625 day periods, which is 23,400-days or 65-Solunar years (below).


Why is that important?

The answer: harmonic resonance

  • Earth-Mars synodic period is 780-days X 30 = 23,400
  • Earth-Venus synodic period is 585-days X 40 = 23,400
  • Uinalhaab orbital: 365.625-days X 364 = 23,400
  • Solunar orbital: 360 X 65-days = 23,400
  • Lunar orbital: 354.5454: 66 X 360 = 23,400
  • Venus orbital: 225 X 104 = 23,400
  • Mercury orbital: 87.96992481 X 266 = 23,400

The Grand Synodic

This concludes this post.

More to follow…