The late great Nikola Tesla—the Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, and mechanical engineer who is best known for discovering alternating electric current–which turned the darkness of night into the light of day–said:

“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.”

― Nikola Tesla

The secrets Tesla was referring to are the properties of energy and how it behaves.

To understand energy and its associated behavior it is first necessary to understand the meaning of the term’s vibration, frequency and resonance.

Physicist tells us that at the atomic and sub-atomic level everything is in motion and wherever there is motion there is vibration. In other words, everything in the universe is in a constant state of vibration.

Vibration is typically described as a periodic or cyclic motion between two extremes around a mid-point. What this implies is that all motion is circular which is not totally accurate because there are no perfectly round circles in nature–only ellipses of varying eccentricities.

The important difference between a circle and an ellipse is that the semi-major and semi-minor axes of an ellipse have different lengths based on the ellipse’s eccentricity. This causes the rotating ellipse to generate two opposing force fields or waves of differing wavelengths (see below). The variance in length of the two waves define their synodic period (the number of rotations necessary to evenly distribute the variance and return to a state of equilibrium) which is the substance from which apsidal or orbital precession is based..

**Rotation generated sinewaves**

**Blue (semi-major) – Green (semi-minor) – Red (mean)**

The above simulation shows how the shorter (semi-minor) axis generates a smaller circle rotating closer to its center at a higher velocity. When the faster wave begins to overtake the slower wave it causes the distance between the two waves to contract. Once the faster wave passes the slower wave, the distance between the two waves begins to expand. This expansion and contraction of distances cause their mean vibrational frequency to oscillate.

Frequency simply refers to the number of 360-degree oscillations or cycles that are repeated during one-second (see below).

When circular motion is presented in the form of a wave it looks like the chart below. As you can see, the oscillation’s wavelength has been divided into the same 360-degrees of a circle. But, the oscillation’s motion moves through a series of changes between two extremes (90-270), passing through a mid-point (180). The + /- symbols on the left show the wave’s strength or amplitude, which are opposite polarities.

Everything that vibrates resonates at a frequency based on the configuration of energy that holds the matter together. A tuning fork is a good example of the precise configuration of matter to achieve a specific sound. A wind chime is also an example of the same material, at different lengths, each having its own unique fundamental frequency and sound. Orbiting planets also have their own unique fundamental frequencies.

Harmonics are simply multiples of a fundamental frequency. The examples below show the wave patterns of progressively higher harmonic frequencies.

The frequencies above actually represent the synodic mean of the two opposing wave structures generated by the rotation of an ellipse (see below).

**Universal Curvature**

Newton’s 3rd. Law of Motion says: ” To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction”. He was clearly speaking of the same two opposed conditions that exist throughout the universe–gravitation and radiation. Radiation is generally referred to as magnetism. His theorem of revolving orbits was his first attempt to explain the concept of apsidal precession associated with the phenomenon.

Both gravitation and radiation have their own systems of curvature and each is opposed to the other for their purposes are directly opposed.

The curvature of gravitation, for example, is centripetal and is controlled by the north-south magnetic poles. Its purpose is to extend bodies in motion from their wave axes to their wave amplitudes. The curvature of radiation, on the other hand, is centrifugal and controlled by the east-west equatorial axes.

Between those two opposing forces or waves is a plane of zero curvature which bounds the wave fields and insulates the effect of one wave from the other based on the principle of opposing polarities (below).

Gravitation and radiation (magnetic) fields are generated as apsidal precession gradually rotates the line joining the apsides of an ellipse (the points of closest and farthest approach from its center of rotation).

The variance in the physical distance of aphelion and perihelion defines the cycle’s precession period; i.e. (the number of rotations necessary to evenly distribute that variance and bring the two waveforms back to their point of equilibrium).

In the following set of examples, the ellipse shape defined as Kepler (A) marks the point of equilibrium. As the orbit progresses Kepler (A) opens into two ellipses as shown in Kepler (B). As the orbiting continues the line of apsides shrinks–forming a cavity that resembles the shape of a Vesica-Pisces–as shown in Kepler (C). Naturally, the lines presented in these examples are invisible fields of force similar to the atmospheric bubble surrounding Earth. We can’t see it, but we know it’s there.

Orbital precession works like the winding of a clock; the spring is wound centripetally (transferring energy potential to the spring). Then, the process reverses and centrifugal motion turns the potential energy into kinetic energy as the spring unwinds. The number of times that a clock winds and unwinds is governed synodically.

Apsidal precession is a familiar term to astronomers. But, because of the relatively small eccentricities in planetary orbits not much attention is paid to its underlying motion. Newton’s theorem of revolving orbits was his first attempt to understand apsidal precession quantitatively. Unfortunately, his theory received little attention from astronomers and was eventually replaced with perturbation theory which, today, is basically ignored.

What is truly astounding is that no attention whatsoever is paid to the electrical aspects of apsidal motion and its alternating centripetal and centrifugal forces.

Unfortunately, electricity was discovered long after Copernicus and Newton had passed on and, consequently, it had no roll to play in the formation of the revolutionary theories that would later become the laws that govern modern cosmology.

Physicist, however, understand that Atomic particles, in free form; i.e. (not bound into an atom) carry an electric charge and, when those charged particles are put into motion, an electric current flow produces a force field around itself as it flows (the so-called double layer). Those force fields manifest themselves in sine-waves with sympathetic vibrations taking place within their apsidal cavities (see regions A & B below).

Trapped charge is contained in apsidal cavities by the polarity differential of the two opposing fields. In the following example, free charge is trapped between line-1 and base-0 ( the line of apsides which has zero curvature). And because like charges repel, all movements towards line-1 are repelled back towards base-0, which are then repelled back towards line-1 and so on and so on. The resulting vibrational frequencies shown as green lines are based on the fluctuating distance between line-1 and base-0 and its opposite, line-2 and base-0.

As the cycle progresses the charge; i.e. (green vertical lines) is compressed into a smaller and smaller area as the distance between Line-1 and base-0 closes. That results in faster and faster vibrations at higher and higher frequencies. When line-1 and its polar opposite converge with base-0, both regions disappear and, then, reappear as regions of the opposite polarity.

**Where do the trapped charges go? **

The faster and faster vibrations during the convergence phase leads to a, theoretically, infinite rise in frequencies. The actual convergence is the “Omega Point” of greatest energetic intensity–where mathematical singularities are thought to form in energy fields—releasing a sudden burst of current across the point of convergence and allowing the trapped charge to flow to the other side.

During the convergence and divergence process the sum of kinetic and potential energy always remains the same. Low potential accumulates into high potential by generating high amperage of low voltage pressure into low amperage of high voltage pressure. This is all that Nature does to perform work, whether to create a storm or a solar system.

This so-called “apsidal precession” exists at every scale. Planets, suns, solar systems, electrons, protons and atomic systems are the familiar results of this force which gathers energy into smaller volumes of dense masses. “*All that is required is an ellipse in motion*“.

The next post in this series is “The Solar System & How It Works”.